Party: Yisrael Beiteinu (Israel Our Home)
Leaders: Avigdor Lieberman
Slogan: A Jewish State, Not a Halachic State
Yisrael Beiteinu is a party founded by Avigdor Lieberman, an immigrant from Russia, that was first active in 1999. It is a secularist and right-wing nationalist political party whose constituent base is primarily secular, Russian-speaking Israelis. The party’s peak was in 2009 when it won 15 seats in the Knesset. In 2013, it ran with Likud and garnered 13 seats and in 2015 it dropped to 6 seats. Yisrael Beiteinu joined the Likud-led coalition about two years after the election and Lieberman served as the Minister of Defense. It was his departure from the coalition—due to disagreements based on drafting ultra-Orthodox Israeli into the army—that brought about the April 2019 elections, in which the party won 5 Knesset seats. Despite the party's meager showing, Lieberman refused Netanyahu's offers of joining the coalition ostensibly due to the fact that his signature promise of drafting the ultra-Orthodox was not to be a part of the deal, prompting the current elections. By positioning his decision to reject Netanyahu's offers as a principled stand, Lieberman hopes to better his bargaining position by winning more seats. If he does, he may find himself in the same exact position --- holding the keys to the formation of a viable coalition.