About the Knesset
The Knesset is the unicameral national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the President and Prime Minister (although the latter is ceremonially appointed by the President), approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government. the Knesset is located in Givat Ram, Jerusalem.
The term "Knesset" is derived from the ancient Knesset HaGdola or "Great Assembly." The ancient Knesset included 120 scribes, sages, and prophets who set down and interpreted Jewish law during a period of time that ran from the end of the Biblical prophets to the time of the development of Rabbinic Judaism.
Role in Government
As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the modern Knesset passes all laws, elects the president, approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government through its committees. It also has the power to waive the immunity of its members, remove the President and the State Comptroller from office, and to dissolve itself and call new elections.